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Beginners Guide On How To Start Farming And Selling Watermelons In Nigeria – 2019




One of the booming agricultural businesses is growing watermelons commercially in Nigeria.

With the huge patronizing among all Nigerian age grades, the price of watermelon in Nigeria is really very impressive. When delivered fresh, the market value is a great deal appreciative and so watermelon production in Nigeria is worth thinking about.

Some of the things you need to think about when talking of watermelon farming include the watermelon yield per hectare in Nigeria and profit per acre of watermelon in Nigeria. So many people have published and sold watermelon farming in Nigeria pdf, and you can readily bump into anyone at your reach.

Today we will discuss how to plant watermelon in Nigeria, and all you need to know about the booming business. To start with, you cannot discuss watermelon farming in Nigeria without going a bit back to the origin of the plant. These football sized fruits were first seen 4000 years ago in Ancient Egypt and then slowly spread to other regions of the world, especially Africa and Asia. The mass cultivation of this crop was motivated by its ability to survive in arid climates.

It is so widely cultivated that in the whole world now, aside tomatoes and potatoes, it is the third most cultivated crop. This is so because watermelons not only serve as food, but have been associated with a lot of awesome health benefits. They have been proven over the years to be helpful in the correcting of metabolic deficiencies and also in the prevention of heart related issues.

Watermelons are also well-loaded with nutrients such as magnesium, potassium, folic acid, iron, vitamin B, vitamin A, vitamin C and also lycopene, an antioxidant that helps in the protection of the skin from ultra-rays. This implies that you watermelons are also helpful in the prevention of sunburns, and they deserve a kudos for that!
Aside that, the lycopene can also help in the reduction of the risks of cancer in humans.
Other awesome benefits of the watermelons include:

– Helpful in eyecare

The lycopene that is present in the watermelons helps to prevent macalar degradation, which is a health issue common in the elderly. It also includes vitamin A which is important in our eye care.

– Helpful in the muscle health

Watermelon contains citrulline, which is very helpful in the prevention of muscle soreness. Citrulline also aids in the improving of endurance and general exercise performance.

– General skin and healthcare

Vitamins A and C are very helpful in the general skin and healthcare of the body. The lycopene as we have earlier stated, also aids in the protection of the skin from sunburn.

How To Plant Watermelon In Nigeria

Watermelons are very popular in the world, and highly cherished in countries like Nigeria, Ghana, Togo, Mali, Zimbabwe and the rest of them. Planting them in these countries all take the same procedures, except some indigenous farming practices which may be limited to the regions.

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The step-by-step procedures we will share now will be helpful to all irrespective of your locations.

– Site Selection

Watermelons do better in hot and dry climates or regions, that may answer the question of why they are cultivated more in the Northern regions. However, you can still plant them anywhere of your choice, and by adapting awesome farming practices, benefit optimally from the farming. The ideal planting period is towards the beginning of the raining season or towards the ending, because they usually have low humidity.
If you want to cultivate them in the Northern part of the country, then you can do that either May or June. However, you can plant watermelons anytime you feel like, as far as you can give them the adequate water supply.
Coming to the Southern Nigeria, watermelons can be planted in March for the earlier ones. You can also plant them in the ending of June or beginning of July. If you want to go with the late planting, then do that September or October.

Adequate Soil For Plating Of Watermelons

The ideal soil for cultivation of watermelons are the sandy or loamy soil, which is predominant in the North. You can plant them in a heap of compost manure, that is if your land is not so fertile.
The plants also need a lot of space to do very well and you should give it to them. Avoid jam-packing of the plants. They have a smothering vine and are not supposed to come in contact with other plants.
They do not climb, but can be thrive on strong trellis.
When making these trellis, make sure to make them strong enough to be able to bear the growing fruits.

– Land preparation

You should plough the land before planting, and it is better to plant the crops same day of ploughing.

– Seed selecction

There are a lot of species from which you can make a choice. You have to know how each of them grow to be able to plant effectively.

Varieties Of Watermelons

  • Congo: Congo species have red juicy flesh and contain a lot of sugar. The skin is medium green in color with darker stripes and oblong in shape. They are very common in Nigeria.
  • Black diamond: This is black in color with a sweet tasting and luscious flesh.
  • Moon and stars: These ones are majorly known by their reddish flesh.
  • Crimson sweet: The crimson sweet are generally very sweet and tasty. They are also very common in Nigeria.

– Planting of watermelons

They can be planted on ridges or flat lands. If you are using the clayey soil, then beds or ridges will be a better choice. Likewise, if you are planting on a loamy soil, then you can make due with the flat soil method of propagation. A planting hole depth of 30cm is recommended.
Watermelons are not favored by waterlogged environments, so you should avoid that. They sprout in a few days and a nursery isn’t recommended.

The rows in between the plants should be 2m apart and 1 foot apart spacing is recommended. You can also grow them in raised rows to encourage better drainage.
However, the method of propagation is limited to the species and varieties and you should put that into consideration.

How To Test The Quality Of Watermelon Seeds Prior To Planting

To avoid planting bad seeds, you may need to test the quality of the seeds you are about to cultivate. Dip them in a salt solution of 3-5% and if they sink down to the bottom, they can be readily planted.
You should also consider to soften the leathery watermelon seeds before planting them.

To make them a bit more resistant to diseases and pests, sundry for a week before planting of the seeds. Also make sure to add humus to the soil when planting the watermelons. Organic manure negatively affect the taste of the watermelons and also weaken their immune system and should be reduced to the minimum.
However organic fertilizers such as potassium and phosphorus can be used.

– Post planting operations for the watermelons

You can mulch the soil on which you planted the crops. This will help to keep weed out of the crops. Also water them at least once a week before the become mature, watermelons need water to thrive well.
Make use of inorganic fertilizers and add organic manure frequently. The plants require a high level of nitrogen when growing up however once they begin to flower and fruit, you can replace the nitrogen with other supplements such as potassium and phosphorus.
Increase the exposure of the crops to sunlight and make use of trellis to support them.

Pests And Diseases Common To The Watermelons

Some of the pests and diseases that are common to watermelons include leaf eating beetle and the mildew. The leaf eating beetles attack the leaves thereby disrupt the growth of the plants and you can reduce their attacks by improving the general living conditions of the watermelons.
The mildew is a fungus and thrives better in a moisture environment. You can control them by controlling the wetness of the watermelon. Also avoid overhead watering for a long period of time,

– Harvesting of the watermelons

The plants take an average of three months to be matured and ready for harvesting, which means you can plant and harvest them for about three times annually. They can be harvested once they are ripe and you can know this by the dryness of the tendrils.

Make Money Selling Watermelons In Nigeria

You can also detect the ripeness by a dull sound when flapping the fruits. At this stage, you can hear a cracking sound when you put a little pressure around the rind.

You can also check if they are ripe enough from the melons’ bottom part. When ripe, the areas which are closest to the soil will be yellowish in color.
After confirming this, you can cut them with a sharp knife close to the fruit and when cut, they last for about ten days.

– Marketing of watermelons

They are fresher when harvested newly and have a better market value. You should try to push them from the farm as early as possible.
Transport them to your target customers and start a new planting cycle.

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5 Costly Mistakes You Should Avoid When Going Into Agriculture Business In Africa




5 Costly Mistakes You Should Avoid When Going Into Agriculture Business In Africa

Agribusiness is now a goldmine as more investors and non-governmental are becoming interested in it. It has the capability of saving a nation’s economy from crashing when other sources of revenue fail.

There are so many agribusinesses that are capable of making you a millionaire with little risks of failure unlike other types of businesses. Irrespective of the fact that agribusinesses involve lesser risks, anyone that wants to embark on it also needs to be cautious of some mistakes to avoid.

In this article we’ll be sharing 5 mistakes any potential agribusiness man or lady should avoid.

5 Mistake You Should Avoid When Going Into Agribusiness In Nigeria

Just like every business, in agribusiness, some certain mistakes should be avoided by any business person that wants to enjoy the maximum profits from his investments.
No matter how awesome your agribusiness idea is there are still potentials of it failing if the right steps are not taken and mistakes avoided.
See these 5 mistakes to avoid as a potential agribusiness person:

– Avoid seeing yourself as a mere farmer

There is a wide difference between the word ‘farmer’ and ‘agribusiness’ and the later is the greater. The world has graduated from the stage of ‘mere farming’ to an advanced and mechanised farming stage or better still, agribusiness.

5 Costly Mistakes You Should Avoid When Going Into Agriculture Business In Africa

As someone interested in agribusiness,you should take the job as a business and not as a mere cultivation of plants or rearing of animals and you’ll see the biz soaring high. A mere cassava farmer won’t think of better ways to package his garri before pushing it into the market for sales. This also applies to other crops and even the livestock.
In business, any and every interested fellow can produce a particular product but it takes wisdom to push the product to the consumers.

– Producing without having buyers

Many people just hear of an interesting business idea and rush into it without thinking of their target audience or customers. Avoid venturing into a business unless you’re sure of the target market and how profitable it’ll be.
Also, be conscious of the factor that business success varies with location and what favours in the Northern Nigeria might be a different story in the Eastern. If you’d be venturing into cassava farming, please check out these 7 top cassava buying companies in Nigeria.

– Not doing large scale and mechanised farming

Upgrading from the status of a mere farmer to an agribusiness man or woman also involves changing the farming tools. Our fore fathers used hoes, cutlasses and other crude materials and the results were not impressive. Most of them cultivated just enough food to feed their families but agribusiness involves cultivating more than enough.
You should be focused on cultivating crops that would yield you impressive profits at the end of every farming cycle.

– Not doing enough market research or avoiding it entirely

This is one of the problems of agricultural marketing in Nigeria and care should be taken against it. To many farmers, agriculture only involves buying a land and cultivating the crop. Well, that’s agriculture but when you talk about agribusiness, that case is much more different. Before planting a crop, conduct proper market research and determine the internal and external factors that can potentially affect your business.

This will include both the negative and positive factors that have the potential of impacting your business in the future. It also includes seeking for possible customers, identifying competitors and ways of beating them.

– Thinking agribusiness is a get rich quick scheme

Agribusiness is not like lottery or betting games that can turn someone into a millionaire overnight. Agribusiness will eventually turn you into a millionaire but not magically, you’ll need to be committed in the business for some years. Every legitimate business requires patience and consistency.

It might also involve trial and error and mistakes, all these are there to teach you. Also, businesses loses are not inevitable and can happen to anyone at anytime.

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Top 9 Most Amazing Importance Of Fish Farming In Nigeria You Should Know




Top 9 Most Amazing Importance Of Fish Farming In Nigeria You Should Know

Fish farming is no doubt a very lucrative business which Nigerians should give much consideration, and there are a lot of benefits attached to the business.

Also known as aquaculture, it is surely a step forward in the agricultural business industry of Nigeria. It also is a bit above the agricultural problems in the country, which increases its advantages.

So many people are asking, “…what are the importance of fish?” and fish farming! Well, next time you’re asked to list four importance of fish farming, or looking for the importance of fish farming pdf, it wouldn’t be an issue again.

We will talk about all these now!
To start with, we have been for ages bygone, catching and processing the fish products we consume from the market, but thanks to the invention of the ponds and frozen fish, we no longer do this. One of the core benefits of the fish farming business to Nigeria, Ghana, Togo, Gambia, Tanzania, Chad and other countries who engage in them is the fact that it provides us with ready meat. Yea… that is one of the core benefits of fish farming.

Generally, the aquaculture economic benefits are so much. The economic importance of fish cannot be overlooked. Starting from the provision of food, to the source of revenue and more, the fish is generally a great gift of nature to man.

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Benefits Of Fish Farming In Nigeria

There are so many benefits attached to this new innovation and we will see a few of them below.

– Provision of food

This is one of the core benefits of the fish, provision of food. Take away food from a nation and watch it wither away, that is why you need to make sure everyone has enough for themselves. The only way to do this is to directly or indirectly get involved in agriculture.

Fish contains proteins, vitamin D, omega-3 and a lot of other amazing and rare nutrients. Its place in our balanced diet cannot be underlooked as it is a perfect replacement for meats, especially in places that have low budget for that. Many people have concurred to preferring fish to mutton, pork and beef which means it is a great choice too.

Government and related agencies need to fund loans that will help more people move into this long-overlooked business for the general profits of the nation.

– Source of income

One of the major problems facing Africa is unemployment, yet we are sitting atop a lot of opportunities. The fish farming has helped many families generate revenue and jobs for themselves, as well as employ others. The famous Ibru family is an example of this. They own one of the biggest fishing companies in the country and are doing fine.
You too can queue in to tap from the niche.

– Stable supply on demand

Thanks to the fish farmers and fish farming, you can now have access to your favorite specie of fish on demand. You no longer have to go long distances to get catfish when someone in your neighborhood has the farm.

– It is a top consumer’s choice

Generally, fish is more affordable than most meat and maybe that explains why people rush it more  than the meat. Schools and boarding houses adopt fishes as a compulsory part of their diets and that also increases its popularity.

– High source of revenue

By properly investing N2,000,000 into the fish farming business, one should make nothing less than N3,000,000 after a period of six months. You need to be very familiar with the business before moving into it to make sure you benefit fully.

– Steady growth pattern

Like other domesticated animals, you can hasten the growth of your fish by giving them the right diet. This means they will be readily available on demand and also make you more money.

– No environmental hazard

You can set up your fish pond everywhere without contributing to the pollution of the environment, unlike industries and factories that dominate everywhere. This is also another huge advantage.

– Easy addition to the other farm activities

You can run a mutual agricultural establishment, whereby proceeds from your other products will be used to cater for the fish. This generally reduces the cost of running the farm and makes things easier for the farmer.

– Easy to maintain

If you’re good in the trade, you will know that they are very easy to maintain. Their feeding don’t cost much and you have to invest wisely to make sure they eat just what is enough for them.

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Top 10 Agribusinesses That Can Make You So Much Money In Africa




Top 10 Agribusinesses That Can Make You So Much Money In Africa

Agribusinesses are capable of making every committed business person a millionaire in this 20th century.
There are innovative business ideas in agriculture that you can start if you want to become a millionaire depending on your area expertise and target market. Virtually all businesses are lucrative, whether online or offline, big or small or what have you. To be successful in any business, you need to consistent and focused even in bad times. Perhaps the hardest stage of every business is the start-upstage because it requires getting the business in the faces of entirely new people.Agribusiness simply means the business of agricultural production and was coined in 1957 by Goldberg and Davis. It includes the breeding, production and distribution/supply of farm seeds and products. It also covers the marketing and sales of farm machinery. In summary, any business that is based on agriculture is an agribusiness.

Importance of Agribusiness

What if I tell you that agribusinesses are the most important types of business will you be surprised? Well agribusinesses are one of the moist importance businesses because every other work we do is to help us eat and carryout other activities. There are so many importance of agribusinesses to both the individuals and the economy of any nation.

Top 10 Agribusinesses That Can Make You So Much Money In Africa

Agriculture is the source of food to many nations and agribusiness makes this possible by easing the distribution of food to the consumers. The economy of many nations depend on agribusiness and it has provided a source of income to millions of individuals all over the world.

Top Money Making Agriculture Business Ideas That Can Make You A Millionaire

Every agricultural business is lucrative has the possibility of making you a millionaire when taken to a larger scale but you can choose from any of these if you’re looking for a place to invest. There are more than a million types of agribusiness or agribusiness examples that are very lucrative in Africa.

List of lucrative agribusinesses

Some lucrative agribusinesses that you can venture into as a farmer are:

– Cucumber farming

Cucumbers are widely cultivated plants in the gourd family, Cucurbitaceae. They is a creeping vine that bear cucumiform fruits that are used as vegetables. Cucumbers are loved because of their health benefits and high water content. Cucumbers are widely eaten vegetables but not many farmers are cultivating them presently. In other words, the demand for cucumbers among consumers is higher than the supply so it’ll be a great business for any farmer.

– Fish farming

As the health institutions are ringing bells on the dangers of red meats to humans more people are now changing their diets to the fishes. They are now see more benefits of eating fishes. Running a fish pond will be a very nice idea for any farmer because of the many amazing benefits of fish farming.

– Grasscutter farming

The demand for grasscutters is becoming high of recent and people are now going into the business. In the previous years, most of the eaten grasscutter meats where animals caught by hunters but the whole story has changed. You can make as much as ₦2 million in a year or more as a grasscutter farmer depending on the size of your colony.

– Palm farming

The palm tree has more than a hundred uses and all the parts care useful in producing many amazing things. The leaves can be used for making brooms, wine can be gotten from the juice, it can be used in making baskets, it can be used in making palm oil and many more. The nature of the palm fruit business requires some years so it’s more of a long term business. However, when your palms start maturing, you can make good money annually from the palm tree.

– Pig farming

Starting a piggery is another lucrative business you can engage in as a farmer. Running a piggery is better when combined with another type of farming because pigs generally eat any type of food including spoilt ones. You can give them foods from a local restaurant or eatery, factories, farms and what have you.

– Poultry farming

Who doesn’t love chickens? Well I don’t know about you  it I love them. Poultry farming simply means the process of raising domesticated birds like chickens, ducks, turkeys and geese for the purpose of farming meat or eggs for food. There is more to poultry farming other than raising the regular chickens you an also include other birds like the quails and turkeys.
Poultry farming is very lucrative and always in high demand among consumers. The meats and eggs are high sources of proteins. You can start a poultry farm with any capital and expand with time.

– Snail farming

Snail farming is also known as veliciculture and heliculture and it simply means the process of  raising land snails specifically for human use. The snails are edible and can be used for preparing different dishes in Nigeria and other parts of the world. Snails are also grown because of the snail slime which can be used for the production of cosmetics.

– Snake farming

You might be shocked on hearing this but don’t be yet, do you know that you can make good money from a snake farming business? Snakes are very dangerous animals but can fetch you millions of Naira annually. The snake venom are used in the production of anti-venom while the skins are very useful in the production of original belts and other wears.

– Tomato farming

Tomatoes are edible, often red, berry of the nightshade Solanum lycopersicum, commonly known as the tomato plants. The earliest species originated in western South America but is now very popular in all parts of the world. Tomato are very good sources of folate, potassium, vitamin C and vitamin K. The are also one of the best natural ingredients for preventing stroke.

– Ugu farming

The pumpkin or ugu in Igbo language is a widely eaten vegetable in the West African region. It is used for cooking different foods and can also be eaten raw. The ugu leaf is the most consumed vegetable in Nigeria followed by the waterleaf and this makes the demand for it very high.
Ugu generally matures in a very short period of time so you’ll also get your ROI in a very short time unlike some other farm products and sells regardless of season.

– Watermelon farming

Watermelon is a vine-like flowering plant originally from Africa and is cultivated for its fruit. The watermelon like the cucumber has a high demand among consumers but the suppliers are little. A watermelon fruit can be sold for as much as ₦800 – ₦1,000 in the local markets.
The watermelon contains an amino acid called citrulline that increases the nitric oxide levels in the body. The nitric oxide helps your blood vessels expand, which in turn lowers the blood pressure.

In conclusion

Agribusinesses are very lucrative and any interested individual can engage in it. Starting an agribusiness also has many advantages and an easy access to loans is one of them. Many firms are out to sponsor anyone interested in venturing into agribusinesses any you can partake from any of the loans and grants available.

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